Over time, the skin in some areas become dry, thicker and darker (Lichenified). The most common areas involved are the inner creases of the elbows and knees. In babies and children, the lesions may often be more generalized.
Allergies AD usually starts in infancy and can be a lifelong condition. It is usually associated with other allergic conditions such as asthma, food allergy and hay fever (allergic rhinitis).
Dysfunction The exact cause is not known but two main factors are believed to be Immune dysfunction and Skin barrier dysfunction.
Disruptions in the normal skin functioning This leads to disruptions in the normal skin functioning, dryness, inflammation and redness and itching.
Bacterial invasion The breaks in the skin barrier and sensitivity to allergic substances, due to easy penetration of allergens.
Treatment of AD is often complex and requires long-term lifestyle modifications.
Some common treatments are: