Nail disorders are caused by improper nail cutting technique, genetics and the natural shape of the nail.
Improper footwear and posture The sides of the nail curve inwards and grow into the skin surrounding it, causing inflammation and pain. It can sometimes lead to secondary infections as well.
Fungal infections Nail fungal infections are common and require long-term treatment with antifungals. Both topical and oral treatment is required for optimal results. In some severe cases, careful surgical excision of the nail is also done.
The method used varies from patient to patient. It can be one or a combination of these: