What is Botox Anyway?

Are you stressed about the wrinkles on your forehead or embarrassed about excessive sweating? Botox can be a solution for such problems, but have you ever wondered what Botox is and how it works? If you are curious to know the answer, keep reading this blog to know all the basics about Botox.

What is Botox?

Botox is a neuromodulator that has been used as a popular anti-aging injectable for decades. It contains Botulinum toxin type A, a protein derived from a bacterium. This protein temporarily hinders nerve signals to the muscles where it is injected making them relaxed. Neuromodulators help in getting rid of wrinkles caused by repeated muscle movements like smiling, frowning, squinting, pursing your lips, or even chewing. By preventing muscle movement, Botox relaxes wrinkles and smoothens them over time.

What can you expect?

Depending on the indication and area being treated, your doctor will decide the dose to be injected. Gender also makes a difference in dosage.

Doses for facial muscles would be less than for excessive underarm sweating.

Usually a numbing cream will be applied prior to the procedure. After which the doctor will assess and mark the areas to be treated.

During the injection there may be mild pain or discomfort but it lasts for mere seconds. Other adverse effects like redness, swelling and bruising are also temporary.

The doctor will ask for a follow up consultation after 2 weeks to assess for any asymmetry and ,if needed, will added a few more units for better results

It usually takes about seven days to see results from Botox and the results typically last three to six months, but each person metabolizes neuromodulators at different rates and the final outcome may be different from person to person.

It may take several sessions of Botox to get the desired wrinkle smoothening or reduction of excessive sweating depending on the location of injection site. Always remember that it took several years for the wrinkles to develop, so it may take a few months for them to smoothen out.

Tips to Help Fight Maskne

Wearing a face mask has become a part of our daily lives. Though it protects us it, continuous use of the mask has led to another emerging skin problem known as ‘Maskne’.

Talking and breathing under the mask traps in humidity, sweat, oil and food. This is an ideal environment for acne-causing bacteria and fungi to grow. Black heads and white heads also tend to develop more easily in these conditions, further aggravating the problem.

The constant friction and heat caused by the mask rubbing against the skin is another factor that contributes to Maskne.

Maskne, like regular acne, can lead to marks and scars which are often more challenging to treat than regular acne,

So here are some tips for Maskne prevention:

How to prevent Maskne?

Modifying the daily skin routine can lower the chances of getting maskne. Here are a few tips that can be followed to minimize these skin breakouts:

Skin and oral Hygiene
  • Use a salicylic acid based face wash to remove the excess oil that’s built up
  • Rinse your mouth after meals
  • Use a light gel based moisturizer
  • Avoid using ones with fragrance
  • Avoid using serums etc. Especially those that contain hyaluronic acid
Type of mask
  • Use a cotton mask whenever possible. The material is more breathable
  • Make sure you wash reusable masks with a gentle cleanser. Use only one washed mask per day
Make up
  • Avoid foundation and makeup entirely in the mask covered areas if you are prone to Maskne

Is Microneedling Right for me?

Microneedling is a minimally invasive treatment that can be used for treating acne scars, spots or sun damage. The multiple tiny punctures trigger the production of collagen and elastin, helping in improving the skin quality and youthfulness.

How Does it Work?

Tiny needles entering the dermal layer of the skin stimulates it to produce more collagen. This new collagen fills in the areas where it was previously lacking and in turn will smoothen out your skin. This is a great option for fine lines, scars and wrinkles.

Why Choose Microneedling?

Microneedling is beneficial in treating burn scars, stretch marks, surgical scars and sagging skin. By accelerating the production of collagen it also helps in the removal of fine lines, wrinkles, appearance of large pores, loose, sagging skin that are all signs of ageing.

Unlike other invasive skin therapies, microneedling has relatively less down time. People choosing this procedure can get back to work a day after the treatment. There might be temporary redness or inflammation which subsides within few hours. Unlike other skin corrective treatments like laser therapy, microneedling is considered safer for darker skin tones. It is also considered safe for people with sensitive skin.

There are many benefits to microneedling, especially when combined with radiofrequency, platelet rich plasma or vitamins. But it is important that a doctor assesses your condition and determines whether this is the right treatment for you.

To determine if microneedling is right for you, visit Sunny Derma, where the experienced dermatologists can work with you to create a treatment plan that will be accurate for your skin.

The Difference between Dermal Fillers & Skin boosters

When it comes to staying youthful and radiant the two most popular injectable cosmetic treatments that come to your mind would be dermal fillers and skin boosters. Because they are both usually hyaluronic acid based, it may seem similar to most of the people but there are several differences between the two most popular anti-ageing treatments.

Keep reading this blog to understand more about these popular treatments, and get to know which one is right for you. Let’s break down the differences:

Type of hyaluronic acid

Though both the treatments make the use of hyaluronic acid to reverse the signs of ageing but in skin boosters, the molecules are loosely bound and can easily integrate into the delicate layers of the skin. Meanwhile, derma fillers have molecules of hyaluronic acid that are more tightly bound and can give more defined structure to the skin.

Treatment Areas

Both treatments target different areas therefore it is really dependent on your individual desires as to which treatment would be best for you. Derma fillers is a treatment that helps to restore areas that have lost volume as one ages (e.g. under eye bags), address areas of aesthetic asymmetry such as weak chins, and reshape places such as the jawline and nose.

This treatment focuses only on one area at a time. Meanwhile, skin boosters is a more holistic treatment and when injected it spreads under the skin evenly making the face, hand or other area looking plump and radiant.

Which Treatment lasts longer?

Derma fillers typically last from 6-18 months based on the location where the filler is used. Whereas skin boosters last for six months and requires two treatments 4 weeks apart to get the best results.

So after reading this blog you would have understood that though both treatments look similar at a glance but they have different purposes. Whilst dermal fillers can be used for altering the shape of facial features (goodbye, bumpy nose and hello, plump lips), replacing lost volume due to ageing and contouring, skin boosters don’t have any role in volumising or restructuring the face.

Still if you have any doubts regarding which treatment would suit you better don’t shy away from reaching out the expert dermatologists at Sunny Derma and get the treatment that suits you best.

Common Rashes in Children

As a parent you might want a flawless skin for your child but very often young children and babies develop rashes on their skin. Most of the rashes are caused by viral infections and are typically harmless and usually go away on their own.  The rashes can be differentiated based on their appearance, location and associated symptoms. If you want to know more about the common rashes and the symptoms occurring in children keep reading this blog.

Most Common Rashes
Atopic dermatitis

It is a common childhood inflammatory skin disease. This chronic skin disease is relapsing in nature. Atopic dermatitis typically presents in infancy and early childhood and may persist into adulthood. Children may present with a variety of skin changes, including erythematous plaques and papules, excoriations, severely dry skin, scaling, and vesicular lesions. In few cases despite good skin care practices, topical corticosteroids are usually needed during flare-ups.


It is mostly caused by human herpes virus 6 and affects infants and children younger than three years. It is often accompanied with symptoms like abrupt onset of high fever lasting one to five days. During this period, children often appear well with no focal clinical signs except possible mild cough or mild diarrhea.


It is a primary or secondary bacterial infection of the epidermis of the skin. Primary infections occur when bacteria enter breaks in the skin, whereas secondary infections develop at the site of an existing dermatosis.

Rashes which call for immediate medical attention
  • If your child has a fever and a rash that does not turn white (blanch) when pressed or they are very unwell, seek emergency medical care as it may be a sign of Meningococcal infection (or meningococcal disease) is caused by a bacteria called meningococcus.
  • If you notice a distinctive rash along with high fever in your child it may be a sign of measles. Measles is contagious and can be serious.

Simple Steps to a Healthy Heart

Do you want to start this Summer on a healthy note? If so, you should begin this year by taking care of your heart. Following a few healthy habits can reduce the risk of heart related problems. The most common heart problem is heart failure which is a progressive disease that occurs when the heart muscle becomes weakened and unable to pump blood efficiently to meet the needs of the body.

Earlier only people above 50’s were at the risk of heart attacks but now due to stress and other lifestyle changes heart attacks have become a cause of concern even in people aged below 50. If you want to have a healthy heart following these simple lifestyle changes can prove to be a boon:

Maintain a healthy weight

People who are overweight are more likely develop heart-related problems, even if they have no other risk factors. Regular exercise and healthy eating habits can help reduce your weight.

Eat Healthy

You are what you eat and a healthy lifestyle begins when you start eating healthy. Eating fried food like French fries, fried chicken can be tempting but if you want to stay healthy it is better to eat grilled, baked or steamed food instead of deep-fried food articles. Always remember to add a serving of a fruit or vegetable with each meal, ideally eating five servings of fruits and/or vegetables each day. Choose lean meats, fish and low-fat dairy products.

Stay Active

Keeping your body moving lowers the risk of heart disease. Regular activity can help to lower blood pressure, improve cholesterol levels and maintain a healthy weight. As little as 30 minutes of moderate activity on most days is recommended. Take a walk or find an exercise program that works best for you.

Tips to Help Your Teen Sleep Better

Scrolling through social media pages and texting friends till late night has become a second nature of the teenagers in this internet era. But, all these habits are causing sleep deprivation in teenagers and this in turn is causing long-lasting health issues among them. Healthy sleep is associated with the development of the brain during the growing years of a toddler and it is equally important for the adolescents as well.

Disruption of sleep can have several negative impacts on your child’s mental as well as physical well-being. From affecting their ability to concentrate and perform well in academics to mental health issues including anxiety and depression, all have been linked to poor sleep patterns. For teens above 18, with driving licenses deprivation of sleep can be the cause of increased risk of car accidents.

In this blog we are mentioning a few handy tips to help teenagers sleep better, parents should pay heed to these tips:

Limit Caffeine

Discourage your children from taking energy drinks that contain much higher levels of caffeine than regular tea and coffee.

Ban Use of electronic gadgets in bedroom

Not being able to stay away from social media and other gadgets has been considered as the topmost reason behind irregular sleep patterns in teens. Some research also suggests that light exposure from screens also cause sleep delays. That is why not allowing them to take phones to the bedroom can help your child to get a good sleep.

Discourage afternoon naps

Afternoon naps can make it harder to fall asleep during night and also break up sleep, thus it is advisable to discourage your teens from sleeping during the day.

Create Bedtime Routines

Let your teenager follow a bedtime routine that will help them de-stress as well as get their bodies into sleep mode. Like taking a shower before bed or reading a good book.

Reasons Why Your Child needs Flu Shot

Some people do not understand that flu can be dangerous and as a result thousands of kids are hospitalized because of it every year and the consequences can be life threatening in some cases. Though it is recommended by pediatricians for kids aged 6 months and above but still many parents are hesitant to take their children to get this extremely beneficial annual vaccine.

The health care providers have always emphasized that flu shots are absolutely safe and protect against viruses. Though there are several myths surrounding the efficacy of the flu shots given to children but pediatricians have always approved of these vaccines. A few reasons why your child needs these flu shots include:

Flu Shots are Safe:

The minimum age for a flu shot recipient is 6 months. There are few conditions that would prevent kids from getting one. For instance if your child has fever, the pediatrician may not recommend the shot. The flu shots can’t make your child sick as they are made with components of inactivated influenza or a weakened virus. The recipients may experience brief soreness and swelling at the injection site and less than 1 percent will experience fever, chills and muscle aches.

Ensures Protection to All:

Getting vaccinated doesn’t just protect your child but it is also helpful in protecting the other vulnerable people in your family and society such as immunocompromised patients and elderly.

Avoid Sick Days at School

Getting a flu shot will help your child by not missing on important days in school and concentrate on learning.

Call Dr. Sunny Medical Centre and schedule an appointment for immunization against flu and secure your child against severe illness and hospitalization.
Telephone: 06 566 8966

Helping Children During Immunizations

Immunization is an extremely important part of your child’s medical care. Vaccinations protect your children from several illnesses. Though we know how crucial vaccinations are but sometimes the children express fear or anxiety over getting an injection. Fortunately there are many ways that a parent can help their children during immunizations to overcome the fear of needles.

For Infants (newborn to 12 months)

While taking your infant for immunization, keeping a few things in mind can save your baby from becoming uncomfortable or upset. It includes:

  • Make sure that your baby has a good nap before the vaccine is administered.
  • Feed your baby 1-2 hours before the vaccination is administered.
  • During and after the immunization, you can help your baby by providing gentle comfort and reassurance. For instance, you can wrap your baby in a blanket, offer a pacifier or simply hold and soothe them.
  • If your baby has a favorite toy, you can use that to distract your baby while he/she gets the vaccine.
Toddlers and young children

If your child has the fear of needle it’s better to make them understand that it will just feel like a minute prick and it won’t be that painful. Use distraction techniques like talking about some fun activities that can be done after the jab. Parents also need to be calm and confident while the vaccine is being administered. Sometimes being over-assuring can also trigger the fear of needles.

Older Children and teens

When your older children need to be immunized, it should not be much of a trouble. If your child is anxious about the process you can teach them breathing techniques and ask them to think about pleasant things while the vaccine is being administered.

If the above mentioned techniques don’t help you can seek the guidance of a pediatrician.

Make Sure Your Child Gets Their Regular Check-Ups

Regular check-ups are the best way to ensure that your child is growing up healthy and strong. If you are about to welcome a newborn, it is advisable to start your research to find a pediatrician before the baby arrives. As new parents you will need to make multiple visits to the pediatrician for the first two years for immunizations, well-baby visits, conducting physical examinations to chart developmental milestones and many other reasons.

Within the first few years of life, your child’s development is rapid and these check-ups allow our pediatrician to spot problems or developmental delays early. These check-ups are also focused on preventive care, which means providing your child with vaccines and screenings early on to prevent health problems in the future.

Baby checks are performed at 2 weeks; 6 weeks; 12 weeks; 6 months; 9 months and 1 year of age. Child health checks are performed at 18 months and 2 years. Thereafter, an annual check is suggested until your child goes to school.

What to Expect During the Check-ups?
  • Your child will be weighed and measured and his/her growth will be discussed with you.
  • Your child’s development will be checked against age appropriate milestones.
  • Your child’s doctor will carry out a general examination. These check-ups also give you a chance to ask questions about the development issues or behavioral problems that you would have noticed in your baby. The pediatrician can provide an apt solution for your concerns.
Getting Vaccinated

Immunizations are truly one of the best and most effective ways to keep your child healthy and free from potentially dangerous diseases such as measles, polio, and hepatitis B. Regular-check-ups are also important for your child so that they do not miss out any important vaccine that needs to be administered at specific time.