Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): It is a long-term condition where the kidneys gradually lose their function over time. Common causes include diabetes, high blood pressure, and glomerulonephritis.
Acute Kidney Injury (AKI): It is a sudden and severe decrease in kidney function, often caused by conditions such as dehydration, severe infection, or medication side effects.
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD): It is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys, leading to an enlargement of the organs and potential impairment of kidney function.
Glomerulonephritis: This condition involves inflammation of the glomeruli, the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys. It can be acute or chronic and may result from infections, autoimmune diseases, or other underlying conditions.
Kidney Stones: Formation of hard deposits in the kidneys, known as kidney stones, can cause severe pain and affect kidney function. Various factors, including diet and genetics, contribute to stone formation.
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): Infections that affect the urinary tract, including the kidneys, can lead to inflammation and compromise kidney function if left untreated.
Diabetic Nephropathy: Diabetes is a common cause of kidney disease. Diabetic nephropathy occurs when high blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, leading to impaired kidney function.
Hypertensive Nephropathy: Prolonged high blood pressure can damage the small blood vessels in the kidneys, eventually leading to kidney disease.
Nephrotic Syndrome: This syndrome is characterized by the leakage of large amounts of protein into the urine, resulting in edema (swelling) and elevated cholesterol levels. It can be caused by various kidney diseases.
Interstitial Nephritis: Inflammation of the kidney’s tubules and surrounding structures, often caused by medications, infections, or autoimmune disorders, can lead to interstitial nephritis.
It’s important to note that early detection and management of kidney diseases are crucial for preventing complications and preserving kidney function. If you experience symptoms or have risk factors for kidney disease, consult our healthcare professional for evaluation and guidance. Our experienced nephrologists systematically approach kidney conditions and can help you with the best treatment of the above mentioned conditions.